What are the risks associated or involved when healthcare professionals inject patients with medication?

by Maria
(United States)

I'd like to know what risks are associated when pharmacy technicians compound IV medication, including Chemotherapy mediation. If it is not done correctly, how can it harm the intended patient? How can this risk be mitigated?

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by: David

According to researchers investigating this very question, the risks involved include the following:

1. The risk of compounding errors
2. The risk of microbial contamination if sterility is not maintained during the compounding process"
3. In line with number 2. is "the risk of fungal or bacterial infection due to lack of sterility in the mixture of the IV in the cleanroom."


4. The risk of blood clots and/or phlebitis.
5. Air embolism
6. Infiltration
7. The wrong infusion rate, volume, or compounded mixture can lead to negative health outcomes.

Nurses or caregivers should be cognizant of the warning signs of negligence related to the administration of IV medication. The integrity of the skin at or near the injection site should be carefully monitored.

Hospitals and other medical institutions should have safety guidelines in place for the compounding of medications that are considered "high risk". All compounding personnel should be educated to the best practices guidelines and these should be followed carefully.

There should be clear communication between the pharmacist and the pharmacy technician who are working together in the IV mixture process. Nurses should also be clear in their communication in following the provider's orders for intravenous medications. If there is any misunderstanding between the pharmacy professionals or the nursing or medical staff, this should be clarified and everyone should be on the same page.

Nurses who are trained in the administration of IV medication should maintain regular training so that they stay current and updated to any changes in their former training. Continuous quality improvement should be the goal. Also, the overriding theme of healthcare should be to enable and foster positive health outcomes for every patient.


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