Psychiatric medications have evolved over decades of research.
There are hundreds of different medications doctors prescribe. These psychiatric medications are classified in five categories.
These categories include stimulants, antidepressant agents, anti-anxiety agents, anti-psychotic agents, and mood stabilizers.
Each drug acts differently to the brain to be effective for problems a patient may be experiencing. Understanding each of these categories can help if you come across the different prescriptions.
The five categories of psychiatric medications are used to treat different disorders.
Antidepressants are used to treat disorders which include depression, eating disorders, dysthymia, anxiety, and someone with a borderline personality disorder.
Stimulants can help people that have problems with attention deficit disorder or hyperactivity, narcolepsy, and even by suppressing the appetite.
Anti-psychotic medications are used to treat mania, schizophrenia, and people suffering with psychosis.
A mood stabilizer is just as it sounds. They work to treat patients that have severe mood swings, which might include bipolar and schizoaffective disorders.
Anti-anxiety agents are also known as anxiolytics. They are used to treat anxiety disorders and doctors will often prescribe these types of drugs for people under a lot of stress or even those trying to quit smoking.
Antidepressants are drugs doctors will prescribe to treat things like clinical depression and anxiety. These drugs work by restraining the metabolism or amount of serotonin or norepinephrine released to the brain.
They work by preventing depression by not allowing these neurotransmitters to drop from normal levels. It can take up to 3 to 5 weeks for people to notice any change in their behavior or notice if they are working.
However, most people who take these types of drugs experience a change within 72 hours.
The most common antidepressants that you might see include Celexa, Lexapro, Prozac, Zoloft, Cymbalta, and Marplan.
Anti-psychotic medications are prescribed by doctors to treat symptoms of psychosis, associated with disorders such as schizophrenia.
However, some doctors may even prescribe them as a mood stabilizer if someone has a bipolar disorder when there are no psychosis symptoms present.
You might hear the term neuroleptic drugs, which refers to this type of medication also. Anti-psychotic drugs are considered to be serious tranquilizers. They can only be prescribed by a licensed physician and the prescription must always be verified.
Some of the most common types of anti-psychotic drugs on the market and prescribed by doctors today include Thorazine, Haldol, Zyprexa, Risperdal, Mellaril, Navane, Abilify, and Trilafon.
Mood stabilizers are used to control one’s mood. A doctor may prescribe this type of medication for a person experiencing manic behaviors.
Anti-psychotics are often used as mood stabilizers but a physician will usually use drugs with lithium carbonate in them first.
There are many different types of drugs with lithium carbonate in them. These include Carbolith, Valproate, Lamictal, Depakote, and Tegretol. Lithium Carbonate was discovered in 1949 as an ingredient to control mania.
This is the first resort because anti-psychotics can be too extreme for some patients.
A patient with a mood disorder may be bipolar and have manic swings of both extremes of happiness and sadness. Lithium carbonate can help with stabilizing a mood to a more normal state so a person can function on a day to day basis.
Most mood stabilizers are considered to be anticonvulsants. However, lithium is not an anticonvulsant.
Stimulants are psychiatric medications prescribed more today than any other drug on the market. They are used to treat the central nervous system in the body.
Stimulants actually stimulate the central nervous system. These types of drugs are used to treat things like attention deficit disorder found in children to adults.
The only problem with stimulants is that they have the potential to be addictive to certain patients.
Stay up to date on the latest news and information on ADD and ADHD. Learn about the newest medications and discover alternative treatments and natural remedies for children and adults. ADD-ADHD-Treatments.com
Patients who have a history of drug abuse need to be monitored closely with the amount of prescriptions for stimulants they fill. The best option is to give a person with a history of drug abuse a different option or alternative treatment, rather than the stimulants.
One thing to consider with stimulants is that if a person is addicted to the drugs then they cannot discontinue use altogether. The dosage must be tapered until the person no longer needs the drug or it can cause severe withdrawals.
Many of the different types of stimulants that you might see include Ritalin, Concerta, Focalin, Dexedrine, Desoxyn, and Adderall. Caffeine is another type of stimulant that can be found in foods around the world.
Anxiety disorders are common and there are many drugs on the market today to treat patients that have problems with anxiety.
The first drugs on the market to treat problems with anxiety actually included barbiturates. They were used as hypnotics and as anxiety agents.
However, as medicine has progressed, benzodiazepines came into the medical world and became the favored prescription.
There are problems with anxiety drugs being addictive also. The dependence has increased over the years as more and more doctors have prescribed these medications.
Anxiety may be treated by these agents for people who are extremely stressed and cannot function day to day without this medication.
A doctor may prescribe anxiety medications to people trying to quit smoking because their insurance will not cover quitting smoking but they will cover an anxiety disorder.
A doctor may also prescribe this medication to someone under a lot of pressure and who is very stressed out.
Some of the different types of anxiety agents that you might see include Valium, which is extremely addictive, Mogadon, Ambien, Librium, Ativan, and Xanax.
Psychiatric medications are all prescriptions that must be given to a patient from a licensed physician. In most cases, it is best to verify that the prescription is valid before it is filled for a patient. Many U.S. states actually require this.
A clinical psychologist does have the privilege of giving a prescription for psychiatric medications in some states.
There are many different types of psychiatric medications on the market today. They fall under different categories which include stimulants, antidepressants, anti-anxiety agents, mood stabilizers, and anti-psychotics.
As a pharmacy technician, it is best to keep in mind what these types of drugs are used to treat, and if they are addictive.
Also, always verify if the prescription is valid (and not a Forgery) if the patient has a history of drug abuse in the past.
Didn't find what you were looking for? Use the box below to search this entire site.
Grab this Collection of OVER
So, you've found this page and you're wondering "What is the Premium PharmTech Package and Why Am I Going to Invest in it "STAT"?"
Clearly you need to know how this Premium Collection of e-Books and e-Reports has the potential to impact your life, improve your career, your job satisfaction, your workplace relationships, and maybe even your income. Can an collection of digital downloads do that? Read on...
I'd like to get this collection into the hands of as many Techs as possible, so we have lowered the price: Normally $9.99, but NOW, only $6.99 for a LIMITED TIME ONLY.
This Fantastic Collection of 25 e-Books and e-Reports is Hand-picked just for you. You see, I'm pretty sure I know something about you...
What would you pay to learn...
Imagine, just for a moment, what work would look like for you, after you invest in yourself and get this VALUABLE, JAM-PACKED e-Book Package... and apply what you've learned...
These examples are just the "tip of the iceberg" on all the stellar content you will soon be reading and applying.
While you're sitting there reading this page, you begin to understand why you can't afford to waste any more time getting less than everything you deserve in your pharmacy tech career.
As you think about what you need in your career, you begin to realize that you have only one choice to make, and that is to invest in yourself and grab this Premium PharmTech Package.
Scroll down to see all of the resources (PDF digital downloads) included in this UNBELIEVABLE Deal...
Premium PharmTech Package
Powerful and Invaluable Knowledge from an
Experienced Pharmacy Insider is YOURS:
Take Months off your Learning Curve!
Let this Premium E-Book Package
help you, so you won't have to reinvent the wheel!
Invest in yourself and your career!
You are clicking on the "Buy It Now" button ;)
and Checking Out Now
(before this SPECIAL OFFER goes AWAY for Good)
I've made it easy for you: You can even use Paypal!
Normally $9.99, but NOW, only $6.99 for a LIMITED TIME ONLY.
Didn't find what you were looking for? Use the box below to search this entire site.
Jul 31, 18 10:26 PM
This page answers questions about Medicare Part D, the prescription drug benefit offered by Medicare. Topics include: Who is eligible? What are some of the Costs? Factors to Consider when choosing a p…
Jul 29, 18 06:23 PM
It seems like some of the errors that have been recently made by our pharmacy techs are actually really preventable. Does the FDA do anything about
Jul 29, 18 05:24 PM
At 3:00 P.M., a pharmacist received an order to add 30 mEq/L of potassium chloride to the already running intravenous fluid for a patient. After checking
Jul 29, 18 05:12 PM
My pharmacy tells me I can get it 3 days early but then they wont fill it but 2 days early. Is the law on Xanax 2 or 3 days ?
Jul 13, 18 10:36 PM
I am looking for a tutor to help me prepare for the pharmacy technician certification exam. I live in area code 85373. Can anyone recommend a tutor?
Jul 13, 18 10:25 PM
I am to instill 3 drops into both eyes 3 times a day. Received prescription, of 3 bottles/vials, on 16 Mar 18 and need to know how to figure how long
Jul 13, 18 10:17 PM
If the name of the drug is mentioned in order to further assist the patient with getting them the medication, is this a violation of hipaa?
Jul 13, 18 09:56 PM
Recently there was a wrong-drug mistake at the pharmacy I'm employed at as a technician. One of my tech friends (who works at a different pharmacy) asked
Jun 28, 18 11:01 PM
The intern sent the following orders down: Mr. Brown, 50 mg protamine sulfate STAT. You check Mr. Brown’s chart, and he received 3,000 units of heparin.
Apr 10, 18 11:13 PM
This page covers what a Prior Authorization is and why it happens.
Apr 10, 18 10:00 PM
I know someone who is a pharmacy tech. My 10yr.olds medication was called into the pharmacy she works at. Her daughter and my daughters have an on-off
Apr 10, 18 09:26 PM
My pharmacy told my mom I didn't pick up my meds. Yes, I do have same last name but I have a different address; for all they know, that wasn't my mom.
Apr 08, 18 02:43 PM
Vitamin Resources - Information about Vitamin A, The B Vitamins, Vitamin C, and Vitamin D.
Mar 27, 18 10:20 PM
under the hippa law can a pharmacist and a pharmacy tech speak about a clients medical record amongs each other and cam pharmacy techs counsel the patient
Mar 27, 18 10:11 PM
Our pharmacy manager wants us to report any pharmacy error that happens. Why is it important to report errors? Where should we report the errors to?