There are a great variety of pharmacy dosage forms. This page discusses many of the common pharmacy dosage forms and clearly defines each one.
Solid Oral Dosage Forms
Tablets are a solid dosage form which varies in size, weight, shape, and other ways. There are a couple different tablet types. Enteric-Coated tablets have a coating on them which causes them to be dissolved in the intestinal tract instead of in the stomach. An example is Enteric-Coated Aspirin. Buccal tablets are intended to be placed in the buccal pouch (between the gums and the cheek) and slowly dissolved. This dosage form does not pass through the gastrointestinal tract-it is absorbed into the bloodstream directly.
Sublingual tablets are intended to be placed under the tongue. Similar to buccal tablets, sublingual tablets are directly absorbed into the bloodstream and bypass the intestines. Chewable tablets are meant to be chewed before swallowing. Lozenges and Troches are intended to be dissolved while held in the mouth. This medication form is intended to stay in contact with the throat and mouth over an extended amount of time. Effervescent tablets release carbon dioxide and rapidly dissolve in water. They should never be swallowed or chewed. They should always be placed in a water and dissolved. Orally Disintegrating Tablets are tablets that must dissolved on the tongue.
Capsules are a solid dosage form enclosed in a hard shell or soft gelatin coating. When taken with water, the capsules' coating becomes slippery and easy to swallow.
Liquid Oral Dosage Forms
An Elixir is a preparation that contains a hydroalcoholic liquid that has a clear color. It is intended to be consumed orally.
A Suspension is a preparation that contains tiny particles that are solid. These particles are suspended (not dissolved) in the liquid.
A Syrup is a preparation that contains a concentrated sugar solution in water with other active ingredients.
A Solution contains ingredients of a medication that are solid. These ingredients are dissolved in the liquid (normally the liquid is water.)
A Reconstitution is a medication that is in a powdered form. A suspension is made from this powder by adding a very specific amount of distilled water. It is important to shake the suspension well after adding the water. Some reconstitutions, after adding water, require refrigeration.
Ophthalmic Suspensions are a form a mixture where medicine or medicines are suspended in a liquid base and meant to be applied directly to the eye. Treatment of pressure, pain or glaucoma are common things that would be treated with an Ophthalmic suspension.
Ophthalmic Solutions are mostly water-based, and are delivered directly to the eye. Eye drops are a common example of an Ophthalmic solution. Eye drops are usually used to treat symptoms such as dry or red eyes, rather than causes.
Ophthalmic Gels are applied directly to the eye, usually before bedtime. The easiest manner to apply them is to pull the lower eyelid out (creating a pouch) and apply the dose of gel into this pouch. Then close your eyes and roll the eyeball around to spread out the gel. Treating glaucoma is one common use of an Ophthalmic gel.
Ophthalmic Ointments are designed for use around the eyes and are safe enough that incidental contact with the eye itself is acceptable. These can be used to treat or prevent infections in wounds close to the eye.
Otic Dosage Forms
Otic Suspensions are delivered directly into the ear, usually to treat an ear infection. An Otic suspension would also be used in the case of a ruptured eardrum. Typical application is done by having the patient lie on their side with the affected ear turned upwards and the suspension is then allowed to drain directly into the ear.Otic Solutions are used to treat ear infections. Solutions are often more likely to cause discomfort in the patient, due to a lower pH value than similar suspensions. Application is similar to than of an Otic suspension, the liquid is applied directly into the ear and allowed to drain downward into the affected area.
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Apr 10, 18 11:13 PM
This page covers what a Prior Authorization is and why it happens.
Apr 10, 18 10:00 PM
I know someone who is a pharmacy tech. My 10yr.olds medication was called into the pharmacy she works at. Her daughter and my daughters have an on-off
Apr 10, 18 09:26 PM
My pharmacy told my mom I didn't pick up my meds. Yes, I do have same last name but I have a different address; for all they know, that wasn't my mom.
Apr 08, 18 02:43 PM
Vitamin Resources - Information about Vitamin A, The B Vitamins, Vitamin C, and Vitamin D.
Mar 27, 18 10:20 PM
under the hippa law can a pharmacist and a pharmacy tech speak about a clients medical record amongs each other and cam pharmacy techs counsel the patient
Mar 27, 18 10:11 PM
Our pharmacy manager wants us to report any pharmacy error that happens. Why is it important to report errors? Where should we report the errors to?
Mar 27, 18 09:32 PM
We had a pharmacy tech resign, then go to work at a grocery/pharmacy - the tech has used PHI to target our patients and entice them to transfer their prescriptions.
Mar 27, 18 08:57 PM
I got my 120 Percocet Feb 18 how many should be in my bottle March 16 i take 4 a day
Mar 27, 18 08:32 PM
Is it a HIPAA violation if a pharmacist says what you are taking very loud so others can hear what you are taking?
Mar 20, 18 08:53 PM
If the name of the drug is mentioned in order to further assist the patient with getting them the medication, is this a violation of hipaa?
Mar 20, 18 08:43 PM
At 3:00 P.M., a pharmacist received an order to add 30 mEq/L of potassium chloride to the already running intravenous fluid for a patient. After checking
Mar 20, 18 08:39 PM
The USP797 rules state that no jewelry can be worn in the I.V. clean room setting because it wouldn't be sterile. I was wondering if silicone rings would
Mar 20, 18 08:38 PM
Recently there was a wrong-drug mistake at the pharmacy I'm employed at as a technician. One of my tech friends (who works at a different pharmacy) asked
Mar 20, 18 08:32 PM
I am a post surgical patient I am on liquid morphine 22ml bottle. I’m allowed to take 2ml every 3 hours how many days should by bottle last?
Mar 20, 18 08:26 PM
how many day supply is it?